Home Store Project Ideas Project Guide Ask An Expert Blog Careers Teachers Parents Students

Agricultural Technology - Feeding 9 Billion People by 2050

Agricultural Technology -  STEM Projects

How will we feed the world population by the year 2050? The United Nations projects that by 2050 the world population will have risen to 9.7 billion people—more than 2 billion more people than today! To feed everyone, we will need a lot more food, which makes agricultural technology incredibly important. Agricultural technology is the use of science, engineering, and technology to make agriculture (farming) better. This can mean a wide range of things, including preventing plant diseases, gathering data to optimize crop yield (the amount of food you can grow on a piece of land), using resources like water more effectively, or even creating more nutritious versions of a vegetable!

Try one of the projects below to explore some of the solutions farmers, researchers, and engineers are trying around the world. Maybe you'll be working alongside them one day making sure we can feed everyone.

Science Projects and Related Careers

Sensor Solutions

Agricultural Technology - Soil Moisture
Agricultural Technology - Plant Moisture Sensor
Agricultural Technology - Electrical Engineer
Agricultural Technology - Systems Technician
Worldwide, millions of gallons of water are wasted in agriculture. Can moisture sensors help farmers conserve water?
Watering too much or too little can slow a plant's growth. Can sensors detect the right amount of water?
Developing water, soil, and other sensors gives farmers real-time data about every inch of their farmland.
Mapping information about a farm's crops and resources helps farmers make better field management decisions.

Crop Science

Agricultural Technology -  GMO
Agricultural Technology -  Cacao
Agricultural Technology -  Weeds Be Gone!
Agricultural Technology -  Plant Scientist
Can changing a crop at the DNA-level improve how well it grows?
Can knowing the genetics of the cacao plant help protect chocolate supplies?
Does making crops resistant to a weed killer change their ability to thrive?
Modifying plants can help farmers grow larger amounts of more nutritious food.

Farming Methods

Agricultural Technology -  Aquaponics
Agricultural Technology -  Dust Busters
Agricultural Technology -  Hydroponics
Agricultural Technology -  Agricultural Technician
Build a farming system to raise both fish and vegetables at the same time.
Do farmers always need to plow or can less work sometimes lead to better soil?
Can you successfully grow plants without any soil at all?
Monitoring crops and keeping equipment running smoothly can lead to a successful crop.

Agricultural Technology in the News

General Agricultural Science

Agriculture Science projects
Student story on soil erosion
Water sensor for the tree
To Till or Not to Till
Strategies to keep student agriculture and plant science projects on track!
Can the use of plants help reduce soil erosion?
Make a tree ornament with a simple circuit to help monitor the water level.
For some farmers, tilling fields is a thing of the past.