Daphnia magna

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Daphnia magna

Postby vylexx » Tue Nov 20, 2012 9:32 am

Hello!

I'm doing a research on how Daphnia magna can tell water quality but I have literally no knowledge about water fleas.
I didn't even know they exist so it was really fascinating when I found out about them :shock: .
How do they react to different water quality?
Do they get bigger, smaller, etc?
Can they die because the water is too toxicity?
Do they prefer an oxygen concentrated environment over non-concentrated?
Where are they usually found? Do they bite or jump?

Thank you! It would mean a lot if someone could answer all those questions above!
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Project Question: I'm doing a research for biology on how Daphnia magna determine water quality. How do Daphnia magna react to different water quality? Do they get bigger, smaller, etc?
Project Due Date: The project is not due till next year.
Project Status: I am just starting

Re: Daphnia magna

Postby sunmoonstars » Tue Nov 20, 2012 1:50 pm

Hi,

Water fleas are very interesting creatures. Did you try to do any internet searches for their species name? When I did, I found some good resources for general information:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2042/

http://cfb.unh.edu/CFBKey/html/Organism ... magna.html

I am sure there are other great pages, you will find them when you search. If you have trouble finding the answers to your questions, I can help you further, let me know!

Tonya :)
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Re: Daphnia magna

Postby sarahlaugtug » Wed Nov 21, 2012 6:33 pm

Hello vylexx,

You have some great questions that you want to find out--that is the way to start out a project. I'm very glad to hear you are so interested in this, it sounds like a fun project, wherever it will take you.

I recommend looking on Google Scholar (this is my favorite resource): http://scholar.google.com/ for scientific papers/journals/articles about Daphnia magna
Here is an example of an article that may help you to learn more about the species and environmental conditions: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs ... K17c4awUmg

Also, check out some of these resources and articles for getting your project started:
About research: http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-f ... plan.shtml
http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-f ... tion.shtml
http://lakes.chebucto.org/zoo.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11281256

Hope that helps get you started! Let us know how your project is coming along.

I attached an article you can read more about a project on heavy metal toxicity.
Attachments
paper565.pdf
Scientific paper on Daphnia magna toxicity
(163.9 KiB) Downloaded 70 times
Always remain curious,
Sarah
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Re: Daphnia magna

Postby donnahardy2 » Fri Nov 23, 2012 9:46 am

Hi Vylexx,

I think you are doing this really great project from the Science Buddies website:

http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-f ... #materials

Sunmoonstars and Sarah have given you some excellent sources for background information. It's very important to start a project by learning as much as you can about your subject. You had asked some specific questions about Daphnia in your first post, and I think you should be able to answer all of the questions by now. Is there any question that you didn't find an answer for?

Here is some additional information that will help you be successful with this project.

You should order the Daphnia magna from Carolina Biologicals right away to you can establish a culture to use as a source of baby Daphnia to start your experiment. Daphnia multiply really fast with food and when incubated at the optimum temperature, but you will need lots of Daphnia for your experiment. You will need to visit your local aquarium store to obtain the chemical needed to neutralize chloramine T, if this is used in your local water supply. I recommend also getting a small fine net so you can capture and transfer Daphnia easily.

You need to practice handling and counting Daphnia for the experiment. They are small and swim really fast. The experimental protocol recommends adding 30-50 Daphnia to each water sample, however, I think you will find it difficult to count 30 rapidly swimming Daphnia in one container. I recommend having multiple containers and adding 10 Daphnia to each one for an experiment. Pint sized Mason jars work really well for holding 10 Daphnia.

If you have 3 containers for each sample, then you will obtain enough data to determine if your results are statistically significant. Let me know if you need more information about statistics.

Now, what type of water samples are you planning to use? The protocol suggest using samples from a local parking lot, but the Daphnia test is a general all-purpose toxicity test that you can use to test any fresh water samples.

Here are some additional questions that you will need to know for this project.

1. What temperature is best for growing Daphnia and for doing your experiment?
2. What is your independent variable for this project?
3. What is your dependent variable?
4. What are you going to feed your Daphnia?
5. What is the best water to use for growing Daphnia?
6. Is there a better way to determine water toxicity?


Please post again in this topic if you have any other questions.


Donna Hardy
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