I need to identify the independent and dependent variable in my research.
The main part of the article and research is" The adult second language acquisition of grammatical gender and the transfer from the first language of Dutch German, Spanish and English speakers."
What an interesting project!
Typically, the independent variable is the thing that you change or that naturally changes, and the dependent variable is the thing that responds to those changes (also known as the "response variable").
In your case, it looks like your dependent variable is the ability to acquire a second language, or how well someone is able to acquire a second language. This is the "response" you're looking for.
Depending on the design of your study, you may have a few different independent variables:
- the first language (Dutch German, Spanish, or English)
- the age of your subjects
- the gender of your subjects
I hope that helps. Feel free to post back with more questions.