How does the size of a ball affect the speed?

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How does the size of a ball affect the speed?

Postby ttaylor » Tue May 01, 2012 10:43 am

I'm looking for research on how the size of a ball will affect the speed. Can anybody help?
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Re: How does the size of a ball affect the speed?

Postby jmehta14 » Tue May 01, 2012 6:33 pm

Dear ttaylor,

For the research you are interested in, I would highly suggest looking more into Newton's Laws of Motion. Perhaps, you could then design an experiment to test how the size of a ball affects the speed. For example, you could drop balls of different sizes from a known height and measure their speed as they fall and the time it takes them to fall. Please let me know if I can help you design an experiment with your specific questions?

Jay
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Re: How does the size of a ball affect the speed?

Postby ttaylor » Wed May 02, 2012 6:11 am

I would love the help to design an experiment. I will look up Newton's law in the meantime. I appreciate your help.
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Re: How does the size of a ball affect the speed?

Postby theborg » Wed May 09, 2012 7:47 pm

ttaylor,

I hope your research is going well. Did you ever decide on an experiment proceedure? A slightly different approach to the one suggested by Jay is the one that proves that 2 objects of the same size but different mass still fall at the same rate.

http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-f ... p015.shtml

For the experiment suggested, since we already know that the objects, regardless of mass, will fall at the same rate, what you are testing is the effect of drag as the object moves through the air around it.

Assuming you are still conducting the experiment, I would suggest getting 2 (or more) balls of significant size difference (say a large beach ball and a tennis ball) and drop them from a known height and measure the time it takes to hit the ground. Since we know the accelleration due to gravity (9.8 m/s^2), you can calculate the average velocity. Any change would be due to drag (in large part) as a function of the cross sectional area of each ball. The larger the cross section area of the object, the larger the coefficient of drag, etc... This experiment can be extended to objects of different shapes to test the effects of aerodynamic properties of say a cone shape vs a blunt faced object, like a cube.

Please post back to let us know how you are doing wrt your experiment and if you need any additional advice.
I hope this helps.

theborg
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"As the circle of light increases, so does the circumference of darkness around it."
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