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Others Like “Taming the Tsunami: Investigating Different Structures to Reduce Tsunami Damage”

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Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail A tsunami is a series of waves made in a body of water, like the ocean, that can cause serious destruction when they hit the coastline. In deep water, a wave can be just a few feet high and travel very fast. As it nears the coastline, and moves into shallower water, tsunamis usually slow down, but the wave height can grow to 100 feet! In this ocean science project, you will model a tsunami and investigate how wave velocity (speed) depends on water depth. Does it match the mathematical equation… Read more
OceanSci_p014
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Time Required Short (2-5 days)
Prerequisites None
Material Availability You will need an extra-long plastic storage box to use as a water tank. Plastic storage boxes that can slide under a bed work very well. See the Materials and Equipment list for details.
Cost Low ($20 - $50)
Safety Use caution when working with the lamp and the water tank. Make sure the two are far apart from each other at all times. Adult supervision required.
Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail The ocean is a wondrous force of nature. It affects the weather, and provides us with food and free and renewable energy to power our lives. How can the ocean provide us with free and renewable energy? One way is to extract the energy that is in the waves. There are many kinds of power systems that can be installed to extract energy from the waves, depending on the location. In this energy and power science project, you will build and test a simple model of an oscillating water column device to… Read more
Energy_p037
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Time Required Average (6-10 days)
Prerequisites You should have fairly easy access to the ocean or to a deep body of water. Find a location where the surface of the water is within easy access of a pier, a dock, or a boat slip, and where the water is about 5 feet deep. You could also do this project in a swimming pool.
Material Availability See the Materials and Equipment list for more details.
Cost High ($100 - $150)
Safety Be sure to wear safety equipment, such as safety goggles and gloves, when working with power tools and other equipment. Parental supervision is required.
Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail This project is a follow-up to the Science Buddies project , which shows you how to build a basic infinity mirror using light emitting diodes (LEDs) and arts and crafts materials. What if you wanted to build an infinity mirror that could change colors, like the one in Figure 1, below? [[ Image [] Figure 1. A color-changing infinity mirror. [] Image ]] You can do this by using special RGB (red, green, and blue) LEDs. Just like the pixels on a TV or computer monitor, an RGB LED actually… Read more
CompSci_p050
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Time Required Long (2-4 weeks)
Prerequisites Previous experience with electronics and an Arduino microcontroller is recommended. If not, you may need to complete some basic Arduino tutorials before attempting this project.
Material Availability This project requires an Arduino microcontroller, circuit components, and materials to build the mirror. See below for more information.
Cost High ($100 - $150)
Safety Short circuits can damage your Arduino or other electronic components. Always be careful when working with electronic circuits.

Cutting plexiglass can create jagged edges or small shards of material. Always wear protective eyewear when cutting plexiglass.

Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail Before cannons widely replaced them, siege engines were often used by armies to throw large stones and other projectiles to break down castle walls. One of the most advanced siege engines used in the Middle Ages was the trebuchet, which used a large counterweight to store energy to launch a payload, or projectile. The horizontal distance the payload would travel is called the trebuchet's range. Figure 1, below, shows a modern reconstruction of a trebuchet. The range of a trebuchet has… Read more
ApMech_p013
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Time Required Long (2-4 weeks)
Prerequisites Some knowledge of physics will be helpful when doing this project.
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Average ($50 - $100)
Safety Adult supervision is required when building and operating a trebuchet.
Science Fair Project Idea
Can you imagine Valentine's Day or Halloween without chocolate? Well, if you're a chocolate lover brace yourself for the bad news. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), "Worldwide demand for cacao now exceeds production." If there isn't enough cacao, the major raw ingredient for chocolate, then the chocolate supply will dwindle. Hang on! Before you start rushing to the store to buy all the chocolate you can get your hands on, a solution is already in the works. In… Read more
Genom_p021
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Time Required Long (2-4 weeks)
Prerequisites A high school level introductory biology course is a prerequisite for this science project.
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety No issues
Science Fair Project Idea
You can study hazards that affect coastal areas. What geological forces cause a tsunami? A tsunami (Japanese for 'harbor wave') is a wave generated by an undersea earthquake, landslip, or volcanic eruption. You can demonstrate what causes a tsunami by simulating an undersea earthquake with a water table. How does the depth of water effect the height of the wave? Do different slopes of bottom change the speed of the wave? Visit the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program to find out about… Read more
Geo_p033
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Time Required Average (6-10 days)
Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail A bridge collapse, like that of the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge, can be a major disaster. Bridges that cannot hold enough weight to do their intended job can be a serious public safety issue. And if they collapse, they can also cause economic damage due to costly rebuilding and people and companies scrambling to figure out how to circumvent the months of traffic impacts. #* IMG 1 *# [[ Image [] Figure 1. On August 1, 2007 the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge collapsed killing 13… Read more
CE_p024
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Time Required Average (6-10 days)
Prerequisites None
Material Availability A kit for this project is available from [# Link Name="CE_p011.6" Value="HtmlAnchor" HtmlText="AquaPhoenix Education" #].
Cost Average ($50 - $100)
Safety No issues
Science Fair Project Idea
Did you know that waves travel through the Earth's crust all the time? One major source of these waves is earthquakes, although ground motion can also be caused by something man-made, such as a mine blast or nuclear explosion, or other natural events, such as landslides or volcanic activity. How does an earthquake cause these waves? The entire outer shell of the Earth, known as the lithosphere, is made up of tectonic plates that are constantly moving. There are seven or eight large… Read more
Geo_p007
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Time Required Long (2-4 weeks)
Prerequisites Familiarity with software and instruments used to collect and analyze data from sound waves is helpful.
Material Availability A sound generator and amplifier that can connect to a loudspeaker are required. An accelerometer is also needed that can interface with computer software to measure the amplitude of sound waves.
Cost High ($100 - $150)
Safety No issues
Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail Are biofuels the wave of the future? People often talk about these plant-derived fuels as a way to someday cut down on our dependency on non-renewable carbon-based fuels, like gasoline. Ethanol (a type of alcohol) is a common biofuel used today. In the United States, ethanol is a common biofuel additive to normal gasoline. In fact, some states mandate that when you fill up your gas tank, 10 percent of the total fuel volume be made of ethanol. Brazil, the world's largest user of ethanol-based… Read more
BioChem_p038
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Time Required Long (2-4 weeks)
Prerequisites This science project requires access to a biology or chemistry laboratory with, at minimum, pipettes and a balance.
Material Availability This project requires the Bio-Rad [# Link Name="BioChem_p019.1" Value="HtmlAnchor" #]. You will need a teacher's help to order it as Bio-Rad only sells directly to schools.
Cost Very High (over $150)
Safety Adult supervision is required in the laboratory facility.
Science Fair Project Idea
thumbnail The human kidney is the most commonly transplanted organ in the United States, numbering more than 17,000 transplants in 2010 alone! But kidney transplantation technology faces a lot of challenges, including a shortage of kidney donors and the need for recipients to take immunosuppressant drugs to keep their bodies from rejecting a transplanted kidney. In this science project, with the help of bioinformatics databases, you will explore how a kidney could be bioengineered using stem cells,… Read more
BioMed_p013
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Time Required Short (2-5 days)
Prerequisites An advanced biology course or equivalent understanding of how cells respond to environmental stimuli and signaling pathways.
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety No issues
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