Medical Social Worker
A medical social worker could...
|Assist parents in finding special education services for a preschooler with developmental delays.||Run support groups for patients and their families who are coping with a new cancer diagnosis.|
|Help the family of a seriously injured patient understand the medical and emotional consequences of the injury.||Evaluate what kind of in-home help a recently discharged patient will need, and help make the arrangements.|
Key Facts & Information
|Overview||No one likes to go to the hospital, or get a bad diagnosis, but medical social workers can help patients manage their condition, emotionally and practically. For example, they assist in communication between patients and health care providers, so that patient questions get answered and patient concerns are heard. They advise and educate the patient and family members about the patient's condition; refer the patient to social services that can help with finances, housing, and legal aid; and arrange home care, meal delivery, and special equipment when the patient is discharged. Medical social workers are a vital part of a patient's health care team.|
|Key Requirements||Patience, empathy, emotional strength, and outstanding communication skills|
|Minimum Degree||Bachelor's degree|
|Subjects to Study in High School||Biology, chemistry, geometry, algebra II, English; if available foreign language, psychology, physiology, sociology|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)||Faster than Average (14% to 20%) In Demand!|
Education and Training
A bachelor's degree in social work (BSW) degree with a minimum of 400 hours of supervised field experience is the most common minimum requirement to qualify for a job as a social worker; however, majors in psychology, sociology, and related fields may be sufficient to qualify for some entry-level jobs, especially in small community agencies. Although a bachelor's degree is required for entry into the field, an advanced degree has become the standard for many positions. A master's degree in social work (MSW) is necessary for positions in health and mental health settings and typically is required for certification for clinical work. Jobs in public agencies also may require an advanced degree, such as a master's degree in social service policy or administration. Supervisory, administrative, and staff training positions usually require an advanced degree. College and university teaching positions and most research appointments normally require a doctorate in social work (DSW or PhD).
Medical social workers must be honest, ethical, and reliable, and very sensitive to the needs and feelings of others. They must be able to handle high-stress situations and negative emotions calmly and professionally.
Nature of the Work
Medical and public health social workers provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, or AIDS. They also advise family caregivers, counsel patients, and help plan for patients' needs after discharge by arranging for at-home services, from meals-on-wheels to oxygen equipment. Some work on interdisciplinary teams that evaluate certain kinds of patients—geriatric or organ transplant patients, for example. Medical and public health social workers might work for hospitals, nursing and personal care facilities, individual and family services agencies, or local governments.
Full-time social workers usually work a standard 40-hour week; however, some occasionally work evenings and weekends to meet with clients, attend community meetings, and handle emergencies. Some, particularly in voluntary nonprofit agencies, work part-time.
Social workers usually spend most of their time in an office or residential facility, but also may travel locally to visit clients, meet with service providers, or attend meetings. Some may use one of several offices within a local area in which to meet with clients. The work, while satisfying, can be emotionally draining. Understaffing and large caseloads add to the pressure in some agencies. To tend to patient care or client needs, many hospitals and long-term care facilities are employing social workers on teams with a broad mix of occupations, including clinical specialists, registered nurses, and health aides.
On the Job
- Advocate for clients or patients to resolve crises.
- Collaborate with other professionals to evaluate patients' medical or physical condition and to assess client needs.
- Refer patient, client, or family to community resources to assist in recovery from mental or physical illness and to provide access to services such as financial assistance, legal aid, housing, job placement or education.
- Counsel clients and patients in individual and group sessions to help them overcome dependencies, recover from illness, and adjust to life.
- Utilize consultation data and social work experience to plan and coordinate client or patient care and rehabilitation, following through to ensure service efficacy.
- Plan discharge from care facility to home or other care facility.
- Organize support groups or counsel family members to assist them in understanding, dealing with, and supporting the client or patient.
- Modify treatment plans to comply with changes in clients' status.
- Monitor, evaluate, and record client progress according to measurable goals described in treatment and care plan.
- Identify environmental impediments to client or patient progress through interviews and review of patient records.
Companies That Hire Medical Social Workers
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Do you have a specific question about a career as a Medical Social Worker that isn't answered on this page? Post your question on the Science Buddies Ask an Expert Forum.
- Association of Social Work Boards: https://www.aswb.org/
- Council on Social Work Education: https://www.cswe.org/
- National Association of Social Workers: https://www.socialworkers.org/
- Introductory Guide to Medical Social Work: https://www.onlinemswprograms.com/careers/types-of-social-work/guide-to-medical-social-work.html
- O*Net Online. (2016). National Center for O*Net Development. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- YouTube. (2009, September 4). Real Talk With Tammy - Medical Social Worker. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- Mandigo, A.C. (2007, August 23). Oncology Social Worker. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- University of Chicago Medical Center. (2009, October 23). Support for Breast Cancer Patients: Barbara Passman, Medical Social Worker. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- Life Works. (n.d.). Meet a Real Social Worker, Medical, Tina Levin. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Life Works. (n.d.). Social Worker, Medical. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- The Center for Cancer Care and Research. (2009, February 27). Center for Cancer Care & Research: Oncology Social Work. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- National Association of Social Workers. (2007, November 9). On Any Given Day, Social Workers Help Video. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
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