scientist and manager

A science manager could...

Lead a scientific expedition to a volcano after an eruption, to monitor environmental changes. person observing volcano in Hawaii Help secure funding for a new cancer drug by presenting research results to a drug company's Board of Directors. presentation
Manage an international consortium of scientists to find out why honey bee colonies are collapsing. honeycomb with bees Coordinate ice core research to determine how global temperatures have changed over the last 800,000 years. ice research
Find out more...

Key Facts & Information

Overview Some of the biggest questions in science—like how to cure cancers or how to control global warming—require large teams of scientists to answer. Science managers work to coordinate and direct the research of these teams to ensure collaboration among the scientists and effective use of equipment and resources.
Key Requirements A dynamic, high-energy personality with outstanding communication and leadership skills, wide scientific and business interests, and the ability to listen, empathize, and delegate responsibility
Minimum Degree Bachelor's degree
Subjects to Study in High School Biology, chemistry, physics, computer science, geometry, algebra II, pre-calculus, calculus; if available, environmental science, physiology, statistics, business
Median Salary
Science Manager
U.S. Mean Annual Wage
Min Wage
Projected Job Growth (2014-2024) More Slowly than Average (3% to 6%)
  • Meet James Templeton, a Science Director at Astellas Scientific and Medical Affairs who works to make all physicians and scientists aware and educated about medical research at Astellas.
  • Meet Andrew Dallas, a Corporate Fellow/Scientist who directs a team of scientists doing filtration research at Donaldson Company.
  • Read an interview with Dr. Michael Hecht, the Project Manager for NASA's miniature laboratory aboard the Mars surveyor lander.
  • Watch this video to see an interview with a Rebecca Lent, Deputy Director of NOAA Fisheries, who helps write international regulations to protect our fisheries.
Related Occupations
  • Nursery and greenhouse managers
  • Management analysts
  • First-line supervisors/managers of animal husbandry and animal care workers
  • First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers
Source: O*Net

Training, Other Qualifications

Strong technical knowledge is essential for science managers, who must understand and guide the work of their subordinates and explain the work in nontechnical terms to senior management and potential customers. Therefore, most managers have formal education and work experience as an engineer, a scientist, or as a mathematician.

Education and Training

Science managers usually have education similar to that of the workers they supervise. Many science managers begin their careers as scientists, such as chemists, biologists, geologists, or mathematicians. Most scientists and mathematicians engaged in basic research have a PhD degree; some who work in applied research and other activities may have a bachelor's or a master's degree. Graduate programs allow scientists to augment their undergraduate training with instruction in other fields, such as management or computer technology. Science managers interested in more technical management may earn traditional master's or PhD degrees in sciences or master's degrees in sciences that incorporate business management skills. Those interested in more general management may pursue an MBA. Given the rapid pace of scientific developments, science managers must continuously upgrade their knowledge.

Other Qualifications

Science managers must be specialists in the work they supervise. To advance to these positions, scientists generally must gain experience and assume management responsibility. To fill management positions, employers seek scientists who possess administrative and communication skills in addition to technical knowledge in their specialty. In fact, because science managers must effectively lead groups and coordinate projects, they usually need excellent communication and administrative skills.

Watch this video to meet the manager of a major animal research facility, who, on a typical day, will talk to operations managers, facility mechanics, husbandry supervisors, animal care staff, supervisors, clinical veterinarians, designers, and researchers.

Nature of the Work

Science managers plan, coordinate, and direct research, design, and production activities. They may supervise scientists and technicians, along with support personnel. These managers use their knowledge of sciences to oversee a variety of activities. They determine scientific and technical goals within broad outlines provided by top executives, which may include advancing scientific research or developing new products. Managers make detailed plans to accomplish these goals. For example, they may develop the overall concepts of a new product or identify technical problems preventing the completion of a project.

To perform effectively, these managers also must apply knowledge of administrative procedures, such as budgeting, hiring, and supervision. They propose budgets for projects and programs and determine staff, training, and equipment needs. They hire and assign scientists and support personnel to carry out specific parts of each project. They also supervise the work of these employees, check the technical accuracy of their work and the soundness of their methods, review their output, and establish administrative procedures and policies—including environmental standards, for example.

In addition, these managers use communication skills extensively. They spend a great deal of time coordinating the activities of their unit with those of other units or organizations. They confer with higher levels of management; with financial, production, marketing, and other managers; and with contractors and equipment and materials suppliers.

Science managers oversee the work of life and physical scientists, including agricultural scientists, chemists, biologists, geologists, medical scientists, and physicists. These managers direct research and development projects and coordinate activities such as testing, quality control, and production. They may work on basic research projects or on commercial activities. Science managers sometimes conduct their own research in addition to managing the work of others.

Work Environment

Science managers spend most of their time in an office. Some managers, however, might also work in laboratories, where they might be exposed to the same conditions as research scientists, or in industrial plants, where they might be exposed to the same conditions as production workers. Most managers work at least 40 hours a week and might work much longer on occasion to meet project deadlines. Some might experience considerable pressure to meet technical or scientific goals on a short deadline or within a tight budget.

On the Job

  • Confer with scientists, engineers, regulators, and others to plan and review projects and to provide technical assistance.
  • Develop client relationships and communicate with clients to explain proposals, present research findings, establish specifications or discuss project status.
  • Plan and direct research, development, and production activities.
  • Prepare project proposals.
  • Design and coordinate successive phases of problem analysis, solution proposals, and testing.
  • Review project activities and prepare and review research, testing, and operational reports.
  • Hire, supervise and evaluate engineers, technicians, researchers and other staff.
  • Determine scientific and technical goals within broad outlines provided by top management and make detailed plans to accomplish these goals.
  • Develop and implement policies, standards, and procedures for the architectural, scientific, and technical work performed to ensure regulatory compliance and operations enhancement.
  • Develop innovative technology and train staff for its implementation.
  • Provide for stewardship of plant and animal resources and habitats, studying land use, monitoring animal populations, or providing shelter, resources, and medical treatment for animals.
  • Conduct own research in field of expertise.
  • Recruit personnel and oversee the development and maintenance of staff competence.
  • Advise and assist in obtaining patents or meeting other legal requirements.
  • Prepare and administer budget, approve and review expenditures, and prepare financial reports.
  • Make presentations at professional meetings to further knowledge in the field.

Source: BLS

Companies That Hire Science Managers

Explore what you might do on the job with one of these projects...

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Over time, viruses evolve. Their evolution is influenced by both neutral drift, the natural mutation rate of the virus, and selective pressure from the hosts' immune systems. Scientists study a virus's genomic evolution—the changes at the nucleotide and amino acid level—to better understand how the virus is spreading and the clinical implications. You can use public databases and tools to do the same type of tracking and analysis of COVID-19 that scientists around the world do. … Read more
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Do you like your hair shiny and beautiful? The key to keeping your hair nice and clean is to use a good shampoo. But with so many different products in the store, how do you know which one works best for you? In this science project, you will put a variety of shampoos to the test, including your own self-made organic shampoo recipes. Do you think these will perform better than a store-bought product? Read more
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Science Fair Project Idea
When you have your X-rays taken at the dentist's or doctor's office, do you ever wonder how the X-ray machine works? Or better yet, how you could make one yourself to use for experiments? This how-to guide provides detailed instructions for high school students and adult do-it-yourself (DIY) enthusiasts to construct and use a homemade X-ray machine safely. Read more
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Science Fair Project Idea
Have you ever left your bike outside in the rain? If so, you might have discovered unpleasant surprises afterwards—reddish-brown patches, known as rust, and your wheels, brakes, and gears might have stopped working so smoothly. In this chemistry science fair project, you'll learn why rust, a type of corrosion, is a serious problem. You'll also discover that not all rains are the same! Find out which ones can speed up the rusting process. Read more
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Science Fair Project Idea
Wondering what sustainable, high-producing agriculture might look like? This science project explores how analyzing bird's-eye-view pictures of a field can make farmers aware of variations in their fields. Farmers can use this information to optimize their farming practices, or even feed this information to high-tech agricultural equipment so the machines can automatically adjust their actions (like fertilizing or watering) to the needs of a piece of land. Read more
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Science Fair Project Idea
In astronomy, a transit (or astronomical transit) is a phenomenon when a celestial body passes directly between a larger body and the observer. As viewed from a particular vantage point, the transiting body appears to move across the face of the larger body, covering a small portion of it. The word "transit" refers to cases where the nearer object appears smaller than the more distant object. Cases where the nearer object appears larger and completely hides the more distant object are known as… Read more
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Science Fair Project Idea
Native plants are important for both ecological and medicinal reasons. However, most native plants are not very well studied. One way to know more about these plants is to understand which other species of plants they are most closely related to. In this science project you will sequence part of the chloroplast genome from a native plant and use this information to determine its evolutionary relationship to other species of plants. If the plant you chose has not been sequenced before, you can… Read more

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Additional Information

  • Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology:


Additional Support

We'd like to acknowledge the additional support of:

  • MedImmune
  • Medtronic
Free science fair projects.