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Physics Science Projects (77 results)

Physics is the study of matter — what is it made of? How does it behave? What laws or equations describe it? From subatomic particles, to the Big Bang, modern physicists study matter at a tremendous range of scales. There's a whole lot of interesting physics at the human scale, too. If physics interests you our wide collection of physics projects is sure to have an experiment that excites you.

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Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Did you know that you can lift an object that's heavier than you are? Just use a lever! In this science project you'll build a tabletop lever and measure how much effort it takes to lift an object using it. Read more
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- Less Details
Time Required Very Short (≤ 1 day)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety No issues
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
What do sand, Skittles, and cereal have in common? They are all granular materials, which means they are made up of solid particles, but they can actually flow like liquid! Imagine pouring the sand out of a bucket or pouring the cereal out of a box— a lot like pouring water, right? In this physics science project, you will investigate how the size of granular materials affect how they flow. Read more
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- Less Details
Time Required Short (2-5 days)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability
Cost Low ($20 - $50)
Safety Adult assistance is needed with cutting cardboard. If you use material that you plan on eating later, like cereal or candy, be sure to wash your funnel with soap and water before you start the experiment.
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Jumping discs can be a fun toy to play with, and with their sudden POP!, they can even be a good way to startle people who have never heard them before. Jumping discs use a neat trick to jump. They are made of two different types of metal, and these metals expand when they heat up (or shrink when they cool down), but not by exactly the same amount. In this science project you will explore how temperature affects the reactions of your jumping discs— and how to get the timing right if you… Read more
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- Less Details
Time Required Average (6-10 days)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability This project requires buying bimetallic jumping discs. See the Materials and Equipment list for details.
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety Adult supervision is required during use of a hair dryer as a heat source. Hair dryers can cause burns or fires if used improperly and should not be operated by small children alone.

Do not use the jumping discs on surfaces that are fragile or can be easily scratched.

Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Can you imagine designing and building a space telescope the size of a tennis court? Believe it or not, that is someone's job! Engineers are hard at work on the James Webb Space Telescope, or JWST. This telescope has the potential to enable astronomers to see light from when the Universe was first formed. No one knows what amazing discoveries this might lead to. However, to make the telescope work properly, engineers have to overcome a lot of challenges. In this science project, you can… Read more
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- Less Details
Time Required Long (2-4 weeks)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Most of the materials are available in hardware or craft stores.
Cost Average ($50 - $100)
Safety Adult supervision is required. Use caution when using the box cutter, heat lamp, and laser pointer.
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Can you build a volleyball machine? It will need one part to launch a ping pong ball over a net and another to return the ball. How many back-and-forth volleys can you get before the ball touches the ground? While the 2019 Fluor Engineering Challenge is over, you can still try this fun project out yourself. Follow the rules and compare your score to top scores from around the world! Looking for this year's challenge? Check out our main Fluor Engineering Challenge page for all the latest… Read more
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- Less Details
Time Required Short (2-5 days)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety No issues
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
What can you do with magnets and ball bearings that makes a lot of noise? Why, build a magnetic linear accelerator, called a Gauss rifle, of course! Now, this magnetic accelerator is not a weapon, but a way for you to learn a lot more about physics concepts, like momentum. In this physics science project, you will investigate how far a ball bearing launched by a Gauss rifle will fly, depending on how many magnetic acceleration stages are in the setup and the ball bearing's initial velocity.… Read more
+ More Details
- Less Details
Time Required Very Short (≤ 1 day)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability For your convenience a kit is available for this project from our partner Home Science Tools.
Cost Low ($20 - $50)
Safety A Gauss rifle (also called a magnetic linear accelerator) is not a weapon. It can however, launch metal balls at high speeds. Do not aim the device at anyone or anything. Do not put your hand in front of the projectiles. Read and follow closely the important safety notes at the beginning of the Experimental Procedure before you begin.
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
You may have seen movies or read books where armies in medieval times catapulted large rocks or other objects at castles (or each other!). These armies used different types of catapults to accomplish different goals — for example, launching things over or into castle walls to knock them down. In this experiment, you will use a ping-pong ball catapult to lay siege to a "castle" and find the right settings to hit your targets. Read more
+ More Details
- Less Details
Time Required Very Short (≤ 1 day)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability A kit is available from our partner Home Science Tools. See the Materials tab for details.
Cost Low ($20 - $50)
Safety Minor injury possible. Keep your fingers clear when launching the catapult. Do not aim the catapult at people.
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Have you ever wondered why a water strider can walk on water? Or how detergent can clean your dishes? If you observe carefully, you can find dozens of similarly interesting phenomena that are all linked to the surface tension of water. In this science project, you will investigate the properties of water surface tension. Read more
+ More Details
- Less Details
Time Required Short (2-5 days)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety No issues.
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Can you hear me now . . . ? Just how loud does a sound have to be for us to hear it? And how loud is too loud for our ears? Learn to measure levels of sound in this project, and discover the amazing auditory range your ears can detect in the noisy world around you. If you have a smartphone handy, you can even do this project without purchasing any additional materials, by using Google's Science Journal app. Read more
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- Less Details
Time Required Average (6-10 days)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Readily available
Cost Very Low (under $20)
Safety Do not try to measure very loud noises (lawnmowers, chainsaws, concerts, etc.) for this project unless you wear ear protection.
Science Buddies Original
Science Fair Project Idea
Every criminal leaves behind evidence at the crime scene. The trick to catching the criminal is collecting all of the evidence and making sense of it. This is what the forensic expert does. In this science project you will be correlating the size of blood stains to the distance they fell, but do not get too grossed out. You will be doing it with fake blood. If you like figuring out mysteries, this is the science project for you! Read more
+ More Details
- Less Details
Time Required Very Short (≤ 1 day)
Tinkering
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Readily available.
Cost Low ($20 - $50)
Safety This topic can be a little scary. If you are squeamish, you may want to choose another topic. Adult supervision is required when doing background research, especially online, on this topic.
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Free science fair projects.