Grade Range
3rd-5th
Active Time
40-60 minutes
Total Time
40-60 minutes
Area of Science
Genetics & Genomics
Agricultural Technology
Plant Biology
Key Concepts
traits, heredity, grafting
Credits
publisher NAC National Agriculture in the Classroom logo

Overview

: Two sweet apples hanging from an apple tree branch.

Students will explore heredity concepts by comparing observable traits of apples and onions, collecting data on the traits of different apple varieties, and learning about apple production. Additional activities include hands-on methods for testing apple ripeness.

NGSS Alignment

This lesson helps students prepare for these Next Generation Science Standards Performance Expectations:
  • 3-LS3-1. Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms.
This lesson focuses on these aspects of NGSS Three Dimensional Learning:

Science & Engineering Practices Disciplinary Core Ideas Crosscutting Concepts
Analyzing and Interpreting Data. Analyzing data in 3-5 builds on K-2 experiences and progresses to introducing quantitative approaches to collecting data and conducting multiple trials of qualitative observations. When possible and feasible, digital tools should be used.

Analyze and interpret data to make sense of phenomena using logical reasoning.
LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits. Many characteristics of organisms are inherited from their parents.

LS3.B: Variation of Traits. Different organisms vary in how they look and function because they have different inherited information.
Patterns. Similarities and differences in patterns can be used to sort and classify natural phenomena.

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Grade Range
3rd-5th
Active Time
40-60 minutes
Total Time
40-60 minutes
Area of Science
Genetics & Genomics
Agricultural Technology
Plant Biology
Key Concepts
traits, heredity, grafting
Credits
publisher NAC National Agriculture in the Classroom logo
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