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How Do Flowers Develop?

Summary

Areas of Science
Difficulty
 
Time Required
Average (6-10 days)
Prerequisites
None
Material Availability
Gladiola plants are available for purchase in many plant nurseries at select times of the year. Check with your local nursery.
Cost
Low ($20 - $50)
Safety
Use caution when using a blade for flower dissection. Adult supervision is recommended.
Credits
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Abstract

Flower development is an important part of plant growth. When a plant has reached maturity, it needs to develop flowers in order to reproduce. The male and female parts of the flower have specialized structures for reproduction that develop as the plant matures. How do flowers develop over time? Which structures develop first? You can answer these questions by dissecting the flowers of a gladiola. Gladiola flowers grow and develop along the stem, with the most mature flowers opening at the base of the stem and immature flowers still in flower buds at the tip of the stem. You can dissect developing flowers along the length of a gladiola to develop a time series of flower development. Use your camera to take photos of the different stages. Can you see when the baby seeds develop? Do the female or male parts of the flower develop first? Are all of the flower parts developed before the flower emerges from the bud?
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Careers

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As the world's population grows larger, it is important to improve the quality and yield of food crops and animal food sources. Agricultural technicians work in the forefront of this very important research area by helping scientists conduct novel experiments. If you would like to combine technology with the desire to see things grow, then read further to learn more about this exciting career. Read more

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General citation information is provided here. Be sure to check the formatting, including capitalization, for the method you are using and update your citation, as needed.

MLA Style

Science Buddies Staff. "How Do Flowers Develop?" Science Buddies, 28 July 2017, https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project-ideas/PlantBio_p027/plant-biology/how-do-flowers-develop. Accessed 20 May 2022.

APA Style

Science Buddies Staff. (2017, July 28). How Do Flowers Develop? Retrieved from https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project-ideas/PlantBio_p027/plant-biology/how-do-flowers-develop


Last edit date: 2017-07-28
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