How Do Flowers Develop? *

Areas of Science Plant Biology
Time Required Average (6-10 days)
Prerequisites None
Material Availability Gladiola plants are available for purchase in many plant nurseries at select times of the year. Check with your local nursery.
Cost Low ($20 - $50)
Safety Use caution when using a blade for flower dissection. Adult supervision is recommended.
*Note: This is an abbreviated Project Idea, without notes to start your background research, a specific list of materials, or a procedure for how to do the experiment. You can identify abbreviated Project Ideas by the asterisk at the end of the title. If you want a Project Idea with full instructions, please pick one without an asterisk.


Flower development is an important part of plant growth. When a plant has reached maturity, it needs to develop flowers in order to reproduce. The male and female parts of the flower have specialized structures for reproduction that develop as the plant matures. How do flowers develop over time? Which structures develop first? You can answer these questions by dissecting the flowers of a gladiola. Gladiola flowers grow and develop along the stem, with the most mature flowers opening at the base of the stem and immature flowers still in flower buds at the tip of the stem. You can dissect developing flowers along the length of a gladiola to develop a time series of flower development. Use your camera to take photos of the different stages. Can you see when the baby seeds develop? Do the female or male parts of the flower develop first? Are all of the flower parts developed before the flower emerges from the bud?

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Science Buddies Staff. "How Do Flowers Develop?" Science Buddies, 28 July 2017, Accessed 23 Oct. 2019.

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Science Buddies Staff. (2017, July 28). How Do Flowers Develop? Retrieved from

Last edit date: 2017-07-28

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