Teach your students about the engineering design process with this fun lesson plan. They will design and build two "volleyball machines" that launch a ping pong ball back and forth over a net. Optionally, they can enter their designs in the
2019 Fluor Engineering Challenge
for a chance to win a cash prize for your school or nonprofit!
This lesson helps students prepare for these Next Generation Science Standards
- High School - Science & Engineering Practices
This lesson focuses on these aspects of NGSS Three Dimensional Learning:
|Science & Engineering Practices
||Disciplinary Core Ideas
|Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions.
Undertake a design project, engaging in the design cycle, to construct and/or implement a solution that meets specific design criteria and constraints.
Optimize performance of a design by prioritizing criteria, making tradeoffs, testing, revising, and retesting.
Asking Questions and Defining Problems.
Ask and/or evaluate questions that challenge the premise(s) of an argument, the interpretation of a data set, or the suitability of a design.
Planning and Carrying Out Investigations.
Plan an investigation or test a design individually and collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence as part of building and revising models, supporting explanations for phenomena, or testing solutions to problems. Consider possible confounding variables or effects and evaluate the investigation's design to ensure variables are controlled.
|ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions.
A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it.
There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.
ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution.
The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.
|Structure and Function.
Structures can be designed to serve particular functions by taking into account properties of different materials, and how materials can be shaped and used.
Systems and System Models.
Systems may interact with other systems; they may have sub-systems and be a part of larger complex systems.
Ben Finio, PhD, Science Buddies
This engineering project is based on the "Beach Volleyball" friendly competition designed by employees of Fluor Corporation located in Southern California.
|Tools and Testing Materials (no point cost)|
|Paper and pencil||For sketching design ideas|
|Scissors ||For cutting construction materials |
|Sheets of paper (2) ||For making net|
|Tape ||For holding net to floor/table|
|Ruler ||For checking net dimensions|
|Ping pong ball || |
Materials allowed for building a volleyball machine for the 2019 Fluor Engineering Challenge.
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this lesson plan.
- Design and build "volleyball machines" based on specified criteria.
- Iteratively test and modify the machines to improve their performance.