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Areas of Science
Time Required
Very Long (1+ months)
Material Availability
Readily available
Very Low (under $20)
Use caution when using a blade to cut open seeds. Adult supervision is recommended.
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Germination is the process by which a seed emerges from the seed coat. Many different variables can effect the process of germination. Try to sprout seeds from different species of plant to see if different species vary in germination time. Are weeds faster germinators than vegetables? Try measuring seeds and then germinating them to see if big seeds sprout at a different rate than small seeds. Try sprouting seeds in different environments to test the effect of different environmental variables on seed germination. Try testing variables like temperature, soil acidity, water content, light or the presence of insects, worms or other plants. You can also cut open seeds to learn about the parts of a seed. By counting the number of cotyledons, you can learn to classify plants as monocots (with one cotyledon) or dicots (with 2 cotyledons).


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General citation information is provided here. Be sure to check the formatting, including capitalization, for the method you are using and update your citation, as needed.

MLA Style

Science Buddies Staff. "Germination." Science Buddies, 28 July 2017, https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project-ideas/PlantBio_p028/plant-biology/germination. Accessed 27 Feb. 2024.

APA Style

Science Buddies Staff. (2017, July 28). Germination. Retrieved from https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project-ideas/PlantBio_p028/plant-biology/germination

Last edit date: 2017-07-28
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