All STEM Activities

Duplicate Your Drawings with a Machine

Active Time
20-30 minutes
Total Project Time
20-30 minutes
Key Concepts
Machines, scaling, levers

Introduction

Have you ever wished you could copy a drawing but make it larger or smaller? If you've tried to create a larger or smaller copy of your work, you've probably realized that it is very hard to get the details right. A machine called a pantograph, however, could help. It makes copies that can be scaled up or down or made the same size. In this activity you will make your own pantograph and then duplicate your drawings. Can you figure out how it enlarges, shrinks or turns drawings upside down?

Credits

Sabine De Brabandere, PhD, Science Buddies
This activity is not appropriate for use as a science fair project. Good science fair projects have a stronger focus on controlling variables, taking accurate measurements, and analyzing data. To find a science fair project that is just right for you, browse our library of over 1,200 Science Fair Project Ideas or use the Topic Selection Wizard to get a personalized project recommendation.

Materials

  • Cardboard, at least 20 centimeters by 7.5 centimeters
  • Poster board or large cardboard
  • Scissors or utility knife
  • Metric ruler
  • Hole puncher
  • Marker
  • Pencil
  • Brads (4)
  • Paper
  • Optional: Tape
    Materials needed to make a cardboard pantograph as described in this STEM activity.

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Active Time
20-30 minutes
Total Project Time
20-30 minutes
Key Concepts
Machines, scaling, levers