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Project Guides (142 results)

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What is the Scientific Method? The scientific method is a process for experimentation that is used to explore observations and answer questions. Do all scientists follow the scientific method exactly? No. Some areas of science can be more easily tested than others. For example, scientists studying how stars change as they age or how dinosaurs digested their food cannot fast-forward a star's life by a million years or run medical exams on feeding dinosaurs to test their hypotheses.… Read more
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What is a Bibliography? A bibliography is a listing of the books, magazines, and Internet sources that you use in designing, carrying out, and understanding your science fair project. Your bibliography should include a minimum of three written sources of information about your topic from books, encyclopedias, and periodicals. You may have additional information from the Web if appropriate. But, you develop a bibliography only after first preparing a background research plan — a road… Read more
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What is an acid or a base? Whether a liquid is an acid or a base has to do with hydrogen ions (abbreviated with the chemical symbol H+). In water (H2O), a small number of the molecules dissociate (split up). Some of the water molecules lose a hydrogen and become hydroxide ions (OH−). The "lost" hydrogen ions join up with water molecules to form hydronium ions (H3O+). For simplicity, hydronium ions are referred to as hydrogen ions H+. In pure water, there are an equal number of hydrogen… Read more
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What is the Engineering Design Process? The engineering design process is a series of steps that engineers follow to come up with a solution to a problem. Many times the solution to a problem involves designing a product (like a machine or computer code) that meets certain criteria and/or accomplishes a certain task. This process is different from the Steps of the Scientific Method, which you may be more familiar with. If your project involves making observations and doing… Read more
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7-bit ASCII Character Codes The ASCII table contains letters, numbers, control characters, and other symbols. Each character is assigned a unique 7-bit code. ASCII is an acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Decimal Octal Hex Binary Value Description … Read more
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Materials and Construction Techniques Use a self-standing display board like these. Display boards in black or white-colored "foam core" (a sandwich made up of two pieces of smooth surface paper with a polystyrene (plastic) middle) or corrugated cardboard are readily available at many retailers ranging between $4 to $14 per board depending on the material. Print out or write your information on white paper that you will attach to your display board. Be sure to proofread… Read more
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This table describes how to format your research paper using either the MLA or APA guidelines. Be sure to follow any additional instructions that your teacher provides. MLA Guidelines APA Guidelines Paper Standard size (8.5 x 11" in the U.S.) Page Margins 1" on all sides (top, bottom, left, right) 1" on all sides (top, bottom, left, right) Font 12-pt. easily readable (e.g., Times… Read more
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What are Variables? In science, a variable is any factor, trait, or condition that can exist in differing amounts or types. Scientists try to figure out how the natural world works.To do this they use experiments to search for cause and effect relationships. Cause and effect relationships explain why things happen and allow you to reliably predict the outcomes of an action. Scientists use the scientific method to design an experiment so that they can observe or measure if changes… Read more
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Many electronics projects use something called a breadboard. What is a breadboard, and how do you use it? This tutorial video will give you a basic introduction to breadboards and explain how to use them in beginner electronics projects; you can also read more details and see more examples in the text sections. More About Breadboards Introduction What is a breadboard? Where does the name "breadboard" come from? Are there different kinds of breadboards? What is a "solderless"… Read more
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Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA). For more information on the APA format, see http://www.apastyle.org. Basics Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Only the initials of the… Read more
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Free science fair projects.